Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with the retina. It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. With AMD you lose your central vision. You cannot see fine details, whether you are looking at something near or far. But your peripheral (side) vision will still be normal. For instance, imagine you are looking at a clock with hands. With AMD, you might see the clock’s numbers but not the hands. AMD is very common. It is a leading cause of vision loss in people 50 years or older.
There are two types of Macular Degeneration
This form is quite common. About 80% (8 out of 10) of people who have AMD have the dry form. Dry AMD is when parts of the macula get thinner with age and tiny clumps of protein called drusen grow. You slowly lose central vision.
Who Is at Risk for AMD?
You are more likely to develop AMD if you have these risk factors:
⦁ Over 50 years old
⦁ Family history of AMD
⦁ Caucasian heritage
⦁ Diet high in saturated fat (found in foods like meat, butter, and cheese)
⦁ Hypertension (high blood pressure)
⦁ High cholesterol
⦁ Heart disease
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